Environmental Law - A Deep Understanding About It

Environmental Law
Environmental law is a term that is used to refer to the set of rules and regulations that provide protection to the environment. These legal principles focus on the management and protection of specific natural resources that are essential for a healthy environment. The law is designed to preserve the environment and deal with the major environmental threats, particularly threats to the common resources. Environmental law emerged as a separate and distinct body of law in the twentieth century. Research by experts of assignment writing services show that earlier some major steps were taken to protect the environment but they were not enough to cater the increasing environmental threats.

Environmental law was established under various influences. With the increasing awareness of the fragility of the biosphere and increased public concern about the impact of the industrial revolution on natural resources and human health, environmental issues need to be taken into consideration by producing a huge new body of law in a relatively short period of time. The success of environmentalism as a political movement also became a leading cause of the development of the law. It was due to these reasons that environmental law was legally adopted by all developed nations of the world by the end of the twentieth century.

Environmental law encompasses various effective pieces of legislation that have played a vital role in the improvement of our inhabited environment. In order to control the increasing pollution, numerous laws are enacted to improve environmental conditions. There is a wide range of topics that came under environmental laws. Some of them are stated below:

  • Air Quality: These laws aim at lowering the emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere. The major concern of these laws is to limit or eliminate airborne pollutant concentrations. These laws address broader ecological problems like limitations on harmful gases that affect the ozone layer and also address the issues of acid rain and climate change. Efforts are made to identify and categorize air pollutants and limiting harmful emissions.
  • Water Quality: These laws are designed to protect water from pollution. They aim to handle the potential issue like the release of pollutants into water resources and treating waste water.
  • Waste Management: These laws are generally designed to minimize or eliminate dispersal of waste material into the environment.
  • Contaminant Cleanup: These laws aim at addressing the issues that occur after pollution. They include actions taken for cleanup and suggest civil and criminal punishments for the entities involved in pollution.
  • Chemical Safety: Management of things like the use of pesticide and other chemical products fall under chemical safety regulations.
  • Hunting and Fishing: Regulations are made to protect wildlife populations under these laws. The laws identify how these activities should be regulated and by whom. 

Major Environmental Laws:
There are significant pieces of environmental legislation that have played a vital role in reducing pollution and providing a safer environment for the human race. The Clean Water Act is the major legislation under environmental laws that made it a crime to introduce waste into navigable waters without a permit. Other important parts of environmental legislation are the Clean Air Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Montreal Protocol and the National Environmental Policy Act.

Controversial Nature of the Law and International Agreements:
Environmental regulations are subject to controversies. This happens because it is difficult to perform a cost-benefit analysis of the environmental regulations as it is difficult to calculate the cost of regulation. International governments are trying hard to come up with laws that can effectively regulate pollution and use of natural resources on the international scale. It would be much better to find a diplomatic solution while practising environmental law. Governments need to discuss the benefits and dangers of regulation and look for the strategies and agree upon solutions that guarantee a healthy environment for future generations.

State-Level Environmental Regulations:
In addition to the federal laws and international agreements regarding environmental law, there is also a great deal of state and local laws regarding the environment. Every state has an agency that manages and regulates natural resources in a particular area. These agencies form regulations on how people can hunt and fish. Environmental laws are an important step towards a safe and healthy environment. Countries and states need to ensure implementation of these laws. Debates on the effectiveness of these laws must be handled through diplomatic solutions. We have to agree upon various solutions to control and eradicate environmental threats if we don’t want our generations to suffer the drastic implications of the environmental issues. It is our responsibility to play an effective role in this regard.
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